Algebraic Geometry III: Complex Algebraic Varieties Algebraic Curves and Their Jacobians (Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences #36) (Hardcover)

Algebraic Geometry III: Complex Algebraic Varieties Algebraic Curves and Their Jacobians (Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences #36) By A. N. Parshin (Editor), V. S. Kulikov (Contribution by), I. Rivin (Translator) Cover Image
By A. N. Parshin (Editor), V. S. Kulikov (Contribution by), I. Rivin (Translator)
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Description


Starting with the end of the seventeenth century, one of the most interesting directions in mathematics (attracting the attention as J. Bernoulli, Euler, Jacobi, Legendre, Abel, among others) has been the study of integrals of the form r dz l Aw(T) = -, TO W where w is an algebraic function of z. Such integrals are now called abelian. Let us examine the simplest instance of an abelian integral, one where w is defined by the polynomial equation (1) where the polynomial on the right hand side has no multiple roots. In this case the function Aw is called an elliptic integral. The value of Aw is determined up to mv + nv, where v and v are complex numbers, and m and n are 1 2 1 2 integers. The set of linear combinations mv+ nv forms a lattice H C C, and 1 2 so to each elliptic integral Aw we can associate the torus C/ H. 2 On the other hand, equation (1) defines a curve in the affine plane C = 2 2 {(z, w)}. Let us complete C2 to the projective plane lP' = lP' (C) by the addition of the "line at infinity", and let us also complete the curve defined 2 by equation (1). The result will be a nonsingular closed curve E C lP' (which can also be viewed as a Riemann surface). Such a curve is called an elliptic curve.


Product Details
ISBN: 9783540546818
ISBN-10: 3540546812
Publisher: Springer
Publication Date: December 8th, 1997
Pages: 270
Language: English
Series: Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences