Sub-Riemannian geometry (also known as Carnot geometry in France, and non-holonomic Riemannian geometry in Russia) has been a full research domain for fifteen years, with motivations and ramifications in several parts of pure and applied mathematics, namely:
- control theory - classical mechanics - Riemannian geometry (of which sub-Riemannian geometry constitutes a natural generalization, and where sub-Riemannian metrics may appear as limit cases) - diffusion on manifolds - analysis of hypoelliptic operators - Cauchy-Riemann (or CR) geometry.
Although links between these domains had been foreseen by many authors in the past, it is only in recent years that sub- Riemannian geometry has been recognized as a possible common framework for all these topics.
This book provides an introduction to sub-Riemannian geometry and presents the state of the art and open problems in the field. It consists of five coherent and original articles by the leading specialists:
- Andr Bella che: The tangent space in sub-Riemannian geometry - Mikhael Gromov: Carnot-Carath odory spaces seen from within - Richard Montgomery: Survey of singular geodesics - H ctor J. Sussmann: A cornucopia of four-dimensional abnormal sub-Riemannian minimizers - Jean-Michel Coron: Stabilization of controllable systems